The Internet of Things (IoT) has the potential to revolutionise the transport industry. It provides access to new data streams and has made self-driving vehicles a reality. IoT holds the potential to reduce pollution, optimise the mobility of people and goods, and save lives. Here are some of the key applications of IoT in transport.
- Fleet Management
- Can be used by businesses, transportation carriers and governments
- Enables intelligent tracking and monitoring of vehicles through data from GPS sensors
- Vehicles can be routed and scheduled automatically
- Monitoring of driver behaviour and vehicle performance and compliance
Fleet management through IoT results in benefits such as increased safety, improved productivity and time and cost savings.
- Transport Logistics
- Especially helpful for long-haul cargo operators and last-mile delivery providers
- Containers and packages can be tracked and environmental conditions monitored through on-board sensors
- Speciality shipping services to track cargo that is temperature-sensitive, hazardous or extremely valuable
- Prevention of theft and product damage
- Delivery, scheduling and placement can be automated
Using IoT for transport logistics ensures that products are delivered to the right place, at the time and in the right condition. It minimises human intervention and reduces fuel costs.
- Smart Toll Collection
- Enables real-time financial transactions
- Automates revenue collection, bill generation and toll metering
- Pricing based on demand or time of the day is possible
- Monitoring and assessing of vehicle parc and traffic flow
Smart toll collection enables governments to create accurate billing records and reduce traffic congestion.
- Control and collision avoidance systems enable automatic braking
- Sensors monitor train speed in real time
- Automatic scheduling and re-routing of trains
- Sensors can track and monitor conductor behaviour
Using IoT for trains helps ensure safety, controls speed and reduces fuel consumption.
- Smart Parking
- Sensors can detect whether a space is occupied or not in real time
- Drivers can be provided with pictures of available parking spaces
- Helps increase utilisation for car parks
Smart parking enables more organised parking, reduces traffic congestion and benefits local authorities through higher revenues.
- Enables traffic reduction by automatically monitoring and controlling traffic lights
- Finds structural problems in bridges, tunnels and roadways
- Analyses traffic flow to determine traffic status and improve routing
- Smart lighting and security monitoring for urban streets
Using IoT solutions helps improve the safety of motorists, cyclists and pedestrians by decreasing traffic congestion and preventing accidents.
Sources: Business Insider, Telit, Red Hat, Arqiva, Tutorials Point, IBM